At the time of independence there were only two institutions, one for the hearing impaired in Lahore and the other for the blind in Bahawalpur, functioning under the control of Education Department. A few institutions for the hearing impaired children and visually impaired children were also being run by the private sector organizations in the province. Inspectorate of Schools for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind was established under the Education Department during 1962. It was given status of Deaf, Dumb and Blind Wing, headed by a Deputy Director during 1968. These institutions were nationalized in 1975 under Martial Law Regulation MLR-118. The Education Department took over these institutions and initiated various schemes for construction of buildings and to staff them with trained teachers. Directorate of Special Education Punjab was given the status of an attached department of the Education Department during 1983-84. Special Education Department was established as an independent administrative department during 2003-04. Prior to establishment of an independent department of Special Education Department, there were 51 institutions in the province with an enrollment of 4265 special children, which has now risen to 292 catering almost 32345 special children; including 20 institutions of special education devolved from Federal Government as a result of the 18th Constitutional Amendment. At present, special institutions are functioning at every tehsil and town level.